Every student has a unique way of learning, and those with disabilities need support to reach their full potential. Some of the common learning difficulties that students face are dyslexia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dyspraxia and autism spectrum disorder. These require teachers and parents to adopt innovative strategies that help them learn effectively. Here are some of the ways that teachers and parents can support students with learning disabilities:
Identify the student’s strengths and weaknesses
One of the first things that should be done when working with a student with disabilities is identifying their areas of strengths and weaknesses. This helps in creating an individualized learning plan that supports the student’s learning needs. It also helps in building the student’s confidence by focusing on their strengths.
Use assistive technology
Assistive technology helps students with learning disabilities in processing and synthesizing information. Assistive technology includes software applications, text-to-speech readers, and calculators, among other resources. These technologies help students with disabilities to overcome barriers, process work, and organize information.
Make learning accessible
Visual aids such as pictures, diagrams, graphs, and videos can be used to support learning. They provide an alternative way of presenting information, especially for students with difficulties in processing language. This approach makes information more accessible, especially when students are having challenges comprehending it.
Develop a routine
Students who have learning disabilities need structure and routine to help them focus and manage their time effectively. They need to know what is expected of them, and specific timelines within which they can complete tasks. This routine must be flexible, recognizing that some students with disabilities may need more time to complete certain tasks. A routine provides a sense of predictability for students with learning disabilities, which helps them to have a stress-free learning experience.
Collaborate with parents
Parents play a crucial role in supporting students with learning disabilities. They can provide valuable information about the student’s learning needs, home routines, and behavior at home. This information helps the teachers to create personalized learning plans that support the student’s learning. Teachers can also work with parents to monitor progress, share progress reports, and provide feedback.
In conclusion, students with learning disabilities can achieve their best if they are supported using appropriate strategies. Teachers and parents need to identify their strengths and weaknesses, use assistive technology, make learning accessible, develop a routine, and collaborate with parents. These strategies help students to learn effectively, build their confidence, and improve their overall academic performance. With the right support, students with learning disabilities can tap into their potential and achieve their academic and career goals.